Cichlidae, native to Central America, also known as the zebra cichlid. Convict cichlids are popular aquarium fish and have also been the subject of numerous studies on fish behaviour. In 2007, the species was moved from the genus Archocentrus to convict conditioning 1 pdf new genus, Amatitlania, based on Juan Schmitter-Soto’s study of Archocentus species. However, a 2008 study led by Oldrich Rican proposed moving the species in Cryptoheros and Amatitlania, including Amatitlania nigrofasciata into the genus Hypsophrys.
The convict cichlid displays significant color across its range. Some of these regional variants are now considered different species. The Honduran Red Point Convict ranges from Atlantic Honduras south to Costa Rica. Other new species formerly included in A.
Amatitlania coatepeque, from Lake Coatepeque in El Salvador, and Amatitlania kanna, from Panama’s Atlantic coast. El Salvador to Guatemala on the Pacific coast and from Honduras to Guatemala on the Atlantic coast.
A number of synonyms exist for this species including: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus. The common name convict cichlid is, like the species name, derived from the vertical black stripes on the body which are reminiscent of the striped prison uniforms of British convicts.