Distributed computing system models pdf

Distributed Information Processing” redirects distributed computing system models pdf. For the computer company, see DIP Research. For smart contracts, see Decentralized application. Distributed computing is a field of computer science that studies distributed systems.


A distributed system is a model in which components located on networked computers communicate and coordinate their actions by passing messages. The components interact with each other in order to achieve a common goal. Three significant characteristics of distributed systems are: concurrency of components, lack of a global clock, and independent failure of components. Examples of distributed systems vary from SOA-based systems to massively multiplayer online games to peer-to-peer applications.

A computer program that runs in a distributed system is called a distributed program, and distributed programming is the process of writing such programs. There are many alternatives for the message passing mechanism, including pure HTTP, RPC-like connectors and message queues. Distributed computing also refers to the use of distributed systems to solve computational problems.

In distributed computing, a problem is divided into many tasks, each of which is solved by one or more computers, which communicate with each other by message passing. The word distributed in terms such as “distributed system”, “distributed programming”, and “distributed algorithm” originally referred to computer networks where individual computers were physically distributed within some geographical area. The terms are nowadays used in a much wider sense, even referring to autonomous processes that run on the same physical computer and interact with each other by message passing.

The entities communicate with each other by message passing. Alternatively, each computer may have its own user with individual needs, and the purpose of the distributed system is to coordinate the use of shared resources or provide communication services to the users.

The system has to tolerate failures in individual computers. Each computer has only a limited, incomplete view of the system. Each computer may know only one part of the input.

Distributed systems are groups of networked computers, which have the same goal for their work. The terms “concurrent computing”, “parallel computing”, and “distributed computing” have a lot of overlap, and no clear distinction exists between them. Parallel computing may be seen as a particular tightly coupled form of distributed computing, and distributed computing may be seen as a loosely coupled form of parallel computing.