The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. You can help Wikipedia by reading Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pages, then simplifying the article. They dsm 5 pdf download numbered using Roman numerals: DSM-I, DSM-II, DSM-III, DSM-IV, and DSM-V.
The DSM lists every condition that is officially called a mental illness by the APA. The DSM organizes these conditions into different categories. Each condition is given a code, made up of numbers or a combination of numbers and letters.
Diagnostic criteria: The requirements that need to be met before the condition is diagnosed. Differential diagnosis: Other conditions that have some of the same symptoms. These conditions should be ruled out before a diagnosis is made.
Diagnostic considerations: This section gives more details about the condition. For example, it may talk about who is more or less likely to get the condition. It may also talk about what causes the condition. The conditions that are listed in the DSM have changed over time.
In each new version of the DSM, the APA adds conditions that it has accepted as mental illnesses since the last version was published. It may also take out conditions that are no longer thought of as mental illnesses. For example, homosexuality was listed as a mental illness in the earlier DSMs, but was then taken out.
The APA may also change the way it describes certain conditions. When a person gets a DSM diagnosis, there are five different “axes”, or categories of information that need to be included. Axis I: This is where most mental health conditions are listed.
Both the name of the condition and its assigned code need to be listed. For example, types of ADHD, depression, anxiety, and autism spectrum disorders would be listed here.
A person can have just one Axis I diagnosis, or more than one. Axis II: If the person has mental retardation or a personality disorder, it is listed here.
Axis III: If the person has medical conditions, they are listed here. Axis IV: This axis records whether the person has certain kinds of “psychosocial stressors. Axis V: For this axis, a mental health professional will pick a number that sums up how much the person is affected by his mental health problems, and how well he is functioning in his life. A person’s score is called his “GAF score.