French school of geographical thought pdf

Not french school of geographical thought pdf be confused with Annalists. French historians in the 20th century to stress long-term social history. It is named after its scholarly journal Annales d’histoire économique et sociale, which remains the main source of scholarship, along with many books and monographs.


The school has been highly influential in setting the agenda for historiography in France and numerous other countries, especially regarding the use of social scientific methods by historians, emphasizing social rather than political or diplomatic themes, and for being generally hostile to the class analysis of Marxist historiography. It has dominated French social history and influenced historiography in Europe and Latin America.

6th Section of the École pratique des hautes études, all based in Paris. The third generation stressed history from the point of view of mentalities, or mentalités. 1929 by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, which broke radically with traditional historiography by insisting on the importance of taking all levels of society into consideration and emphasized the collective nature of mentalities. Its contributors viewed events as less fundamental than the mental frameworks that shaped decisions and practices.