The following is a list of instruments that are used in modern obstetrics and gynecology. It is very much used in taking smears from the vagina for Papanicolaou history taking in obstetrics and gynaecology pdf and routine examinations.
The instrument is held in properly as during a delivery. Das’s modification to the long curved delivery forceps with the blades lying loose.
Text book of Obstetrics by Dr. Text book of Gynecology by Dr.
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Prenatal care is important in screening for various complications of pregnancy. It gives an accurate risk profile very early. A second blood screen at 15 to 20 weeks refines the risk more accurately.