For details about the types and origin of irregular verbs in English, see English irregular verbs. For verbs list of verbs in english with meaning pdf, see English verbs. This is a list of irregular verbs in the English language. The present participle and gerund forms of verbs, ending in -ing, are always regular.
In English, these are used as verbs, adjectives, and nouns. In the case of modal verbs the present and preterite forms are listed, since these are the only forms that exist. The right-hand column notes whether the verb is weak or strong and whether it belongs to a subclass, and links to descriptions elsewhere.
In some cases, there are two or more possibilities for a given form. In the table, the preferred or more common usage is generally listed first, though for some words the usage is nearly equal for the two choices. Sometimes the usage depends on the dialect. American English normally uses the regular form, while British English tends to favor the irregular.
Australian, New Zealand and South African English tend to follow the British practice, while Canadian English often sides with the American usage. The spelling born is used in passive or adjectival contexts relating to birth. Weak with coalescence of dentals.
Many of the prefixed forms can also take -ed. Strong, class 2, sometimes switching to weak with vowel shortening. When meaning “adhere” the verb is regular.
Weak with vowel shortening, or regular. Weak with coalescence of dentals. Regular when meaning “calculate the cost of”. Now usually regular, but crew can still be used of a cock’s crowing.
Preterite-present, now regular except in the use of dare in place of dares in some contexts. Irregular since Proto-Germanic: past tense formed by reduplication. Past participle from Old English gedon. Regular when used for hitting a fly ball in baseball.