Jewish prayer recited during Jewish mishkan t filah pdf on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, as well on the Ten Days of Repentance from Rosh Hashanah through Yom Kippur. Sephardic tradition only because it is recited for the Ten Days of Repentance does it occur on the fast days of Yom Kippur and the Fast of Gedaliah. British Empire, described it as “the oldest and most moving of all the litanies of the Jewish Year. In a much later compilation of Talmudic notes, published circa 1515, this is expanded to five verses.
It is very probable that, at first, there was no set number of verses, no sequence, nor perhaps any fixed text. Apparently an early version had the verses in alphabetic sequence, which would mean 22 verses. 40 verses and added the explanation that the prayer accumulated additional verses that were added ad hoc on various occasions and thereafter retained.
29 verses, among the Mizrahi Jews the Syrian tradition has 31 or 32 verses, but the Yemenite has only 27 verses, the Salonika as many as 53 verses, the Ashkenazic has 38 verses, the Polish tradition has 44 verses, all with different sequences. There is often a slow, chanting, repetitive aspect to the melody to represent the pious pleading within the prayer. There are 54 such verses.
Verses 15-23 are recited responsively, first by the leader and then repeated by the congregation. On most days when Avinu Malkeinu is recited, it is included during Shacharit and Mincha on that day.