Egyptian author, educator, Islamic theorist, poet, and the leading member of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1966, he was convicted of plotting sayyid qutb books pdf assassination of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and was executed by hanging. 30-volume commentary on the Quran.
During most of his life, Qutb’s inner circle mainly consisted of influential politicians, intellectuals, poets and literary figures, both of his age and of the preceding generation. By the mid-1940s, many of his writings were included in the curricula of schools, colleges and universities. Even though most of his observations and criticism were leveled at the Muslim world, Qutb is also known for his intense disapproval of the society and culture of the United States, which he saw as materialistic, and obsessed with violence and sexual pleasures.
Views on Qutb vary widely. Some western commentators believe Qutb is an inspiration for violent groups such as al-Qaeda. Today, his supporters are identified by their opponents as “Qutbists” or “Qutbi”.
Of distant Indian ancestry on his paternal side, Sayyid Qutb Ibrahim Husayn Shadhili was born on 9 October 1906. He was raised in the Egyptian village of Musha, located in Upper Egypt’s Asyut Province.
His father was a landowner and the administrator of the family estate, but he was also well known for his political activism, holding weekly meetings to discuss the political events and Qur’anic recitation. At this young age, Sayyid Qutb first learned about melodic recitations of the Qur’an, which would fuel the artistic side of his personality.
He eventually memorized the whole Qur’an at 10. In his teens, Qutb was critical of the religious institutions with which he came into contact, holding in contempt the way in which those institutions were used to form public opinion and thoughts. He had a special disdain, however, for schools that specialized in religious studies only, and sought to demonstrate that local schools that held regular academic classes as well as classes in religion were more beneficial to their pupils than religious schools with lopsided curricula. At this time, Qutb developed his bent against the imams and their traditional approach to education.
This confrontation would persist throughout his life. Qutb moved to Cairo, where between 1929 and 1933 he received an education based on the British style of schooling before starting his career as a teacher in the Ministry of Public Instruction. Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz from obscurity.
1932, when he was 25, in his last year at Dar al-Ulum. In the early 1940s, he encountered the work of Nobel Prize-winner French eugenicist Alexis Carrel, who would have a seminal and lasting influence on his criticism of Western civilization, as “instead of liberating man, as the post-Enlightenment narrative claimed, he believed that Western modernity enmeshed people in spiritually numbing networks of control and discipline, and that rather than building caring communities, it cultivated attitudes of selfish individualism. He saw Carrel’s critique, coming as it did from within the enemy camp, as providing his discourse with an added measure of legitimacy.
1949, during his time in the West. Though Islam gave him much peace and contentment, he suffered from respiratory and other health problems throughout his life and was known for “his introvertedness, isolation, depression and concern.
In appearance, he was “pale with sleepy eyes. Qutb never married, in part because of his steadfast religious convictions. While the urban Egyptian society he lived in was becoming more Westernized, Qutb believed the Quran taught women that ‘Men are the managers of women’s affairs ‘ Qutb lamented to his readers that he was never able to find a woman of sufficient “moral purity and discretion” and had to reconcile himself to bachelorhood.
Syed Qutb from a young age would save up his money for a man called Amsaalih, who used to sell books around the local villages. He would have a big collection of books, and another small collection specifically for Syed Qutb. If Syed never had the money, he would tell him that I don’t have the money now, so let me borrow it and I’ll give it you next time you come around. And Amsaalih would let him do that.