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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Software project management is the art and science of planning and leading software projects.
It is a sub-discipline of project management in which software projects are planned, implemented, monitored and controlled. In the 1970s and 1980s, the software industry grew very quickly, as computer companies quickly recognized the relatively low cost of software production compared to hardware production and circuitry.
To manage new development efforts, companies applied the established project management methods, but project schedules slipped during test runs, especially when confusion occurred in the gray zone between the user specifications and the delivered software. To be able to avoid these problems, software project management methods focused on matching user requirements to delivered products, in a method known now as the waterfall model. The first five items in the list above show the difficulties articulating the needs of the client in such a way that proper resources can deliver the proper project goals.