In political science, Third Wave Democracy, also known as Democracy’s Third Wave, refers to the third major surge of democracy in history. The the third wave democratization in the late twentieth century pdf was coined by Samuel P.
Huntington, a political scientist at Harvard University in his article published in the Journal of Democracy and further expounded in his 1991 book The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Huntington describes global democratization as coming in three waves, the first beginning in the early 19th century and the third being a current event.
At its peak, the first wave saw 29 democracies in the world. This continued until 1922, when Benito Mussolini rose to power in Italy. The ebb of the first wave lasted from 1922 until 1942, during which the number of democracies in the world dropped to a mere 12.